ACE Inhibitor - Angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor is an oral medicine that lowers blood pressure

Acute - rapid onset and short but severe course

Acute Care Facility - a hospital that provides short-term patient care

Acute Psychiatric Hospital - a facility which provides 24-hour inpatient care for those affected by short term or long term mental illness

All Payer Data - includes data from all patients, regardless of payer (i.e., Medicare, private insurance, uninsured)

Arthroscopy - a procedure using an instrument that allows a surgeon to view the inside of a joint to show any problems

Average Length of Stay (ALOS) - the average number of days a patient stays at the facility (Calculated by diving the total number of patient days divided by the number of discharges for a given period)

Average Daily Census (ADC) - average number of people served on an inpatient basis on a single day during the reporting period (Calculated by dividing the total number of inpatient days by the number of days in the reporting period)

Beds - an adult bed, pediatric bed, birthing room or newborn bed maintained in a patient care area for lodging patients in acute, long-term or domiciliary areas of the hospital

Beta blocker - medicine used to treat high blood pressure and other heart conditions by reducing the heart rate and the heart's output of blood

Blood culture - a test to determine if bacteria, fungus or other microorganisms are present in the blood

Bone Imaging - a diagnostic procedure for determining problems with your bones, such as arthritis, infection, fractures, and tumors

Burn Intensive Care (BICU) - a special treatment unit for burn patients needing more intensive care then typical medical/surgical patients. It is staffed with specially trained personnel and outfitted with special equipment used to care for burn patients

Cardiac Rehab - (short for Cardiac rehabilitation) is a comprehensive program for patients with heart disease, including exercise, education and behavior modification, used to improve their physical and emotional health

Cardiac Cath Lab - (short for Cardiac Catheterization Laboratory) is a specialized service for diagnosing and treating heart conditions

Cardiac Surgery - is surgery performed on the heart

Cardiovascular Services - services involving the heart and the blood vessels

Cataracts - the clouding of the eye's natural lens, usually caused by aging

Chronic - always present or recurring

Coronary Intensive Care Unit (CCU) - an intensive care unit for patients with life-threatening heart conditions, staffed with specially trained personnel and outfitted with equipment required for intense, comprehensive observation and care

Computed Tomography (CT) Scanner - a machine that uses a 360-degree x-ray beam and computer production of images, which shows a cross-sectional view of body organs and tissues

Computed Tomography Angiography (CTA) - a specialized x-ray that examines blood flow in arteries when they are filled with a contrast material

Co-Pay or Co-Insurance - a capped contribution defined in the insurance policy that the insured is expected to pay for a medical service or prescription at the time of visit

Critical Access Hospitals - Rural hospitals that have 25 beds or less

Deductible - the amount of money an insured must pay before the insurance company's coverage plan begins

Discharges - the total number of patients released from a hospital after being treated in the facility for a period of one night or more

Echocardiogram - a test in which ultrasound is used to examine the heart

Electroencephalography (EEG) - a test in which electrodes are placed on the scalp to measure electrical activity produced by the brain

Electrophysiology - the study of electrical activity in the heart

Emergency Department - the section of a healthcare facility that provides immediate, unscheduled outpatient care for victims of sudden illness or trauma

Emergency Services - services necessary to prevent death or serious impairment

General Medical/Surgical Bed - (also called General Med-Surg Beds) - are beds used for routine care

Hemodialysis - the use of a machine to clean waste from the blood after the kidneys have failed

Health Maintenance Organization (HMO) - a type of medical insurance coverage that specifically states which doctors and medical institutions patients may use and which medical tests and procedures will be paid for

Hyperbaric oxygen - oxygen that is at an atmospheric pressure higher than the pressure at sea level

Inpatient procedure - a procedure that requires a patient to be admitted to a hospital for treatment and to stay at least one night

Inpatient surgery - surgery which requires the patient to be admitted and stay in the hospital at least one night

Intensity-Modulated Radiation Therapy (IMRT) - type of 3-dimensional radiation therapy using computer images to show the size and shape of a tumor

Intensive Care Unit (ICU) - a separate, clearly designated treatment area maintained within the facility solely for the care and treatment of patients who are critically ill

Irregular heartbeat - a disturbance in the regular rhythm of the heartbeat

Ischemia - a condition where the flow of oxygen-rich blood to a part of the body is restricted

Joint replacement - surgical replacement of a joint

Left Ventricular Function (LVF) - the pumping function of the heart chamber supplying body circulation

Left Ventricular Systolic Dysfunction (LVSD) - abnormal activity of the left chamber of the heart often occurring following a heart attack and increasing the patients' risk for recurrent heart attacks, heart failure or other fatal events

Extracorporeal Shock-wave Lithotripsy (ESWL) - treatment to break up kidney stones so their fragments can be passed through the urinary track

Long-Term Acute Care Hospitals (LTACHs) - specialty care hospitals designed for extended stay patients with chronic conditions

Magnetic Resonance Angiography (MRA) - a machine that uses a large, powerful magnet to create pictures of the blood vessels

Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) - a non-invasive procedure using a large, powerful magnet that produces a two-dimensional view of an internal organ or structure

Mammography - a specific type of imaging that uses a low-dose x-ray system for the examination of breasts

Medicare Cost Reports - an annual report required of all institutions participating in the Medicare program, which records each institution's total costs and charges associated with providing services, the portion of those costs and charges allocated to Medicare patients, and the Medicare payments received

Medicare Provider Analysis and Review (MedPAR) data abstracted from the UB-04 billings for Medicare (A UB-04 is a common claim form used by a hospital to bill for services provided to a patient)

Neurosciences - any of the sciences dealing with the nervous system

Nuclear studies of the heart - tests that show how well blood is flowing to various portions of the heart muscle

Nursing Facility (NF) - a licensed facility housing chronically ill, usually elderly, patients and providing long-term nursing care, rehabilitation and other services; also commonly referred to as a long-term care facility

Obstetrics - the branch of medicine that deals with the care of women during pregnancy, childbirth and the recovery period following delivery

Oncology services - the branch of medicine dealing with tumors

Orthopedic services - The branch of surgery dealing with the skeletal system

Organ transplant (Medicare certified) - a surgical operation in which a failing or damaged organ in the human body is removed and replaced with a functioning one (including heart, intestines, kidney, liver, lung and pancreas)

Outpatient procedure - a procedure that allows the patient to go home the same day he or she was treated

Oxygenation assessment - measuring the oxygen level in the blood

Percutaneous Coronary Interventions (PCI) - encompasses a variety of procedures used to treat patients with diseased arteries of the heart. (previously called Angioplasty, Percutaneous Transluminal Coronary [PTCA], or Balloon Angioplasty)

Physical Therapy - therapy using exercise and physical activity helping to condition muscles and restore strength and movement

Pneumococcal vaccination - a shot to prevent pneumonia

Positron Emission Tomography (PET) - a specialized imaging method that generates three-dimensional colored images of the body

Preferred Provider Organization (PPO) - a managed care policy that gives members access to a network of providers who charge reduced rates. Members pay for care as needed.

Psychiatric - the branch of medicine that deals with mental and emotional disorders

Radiation Therapy - cancer treatment with radiation

Radiology - the branch of medicine dealing with the use of radioactive substances to diagnose and treat disease

Rehabilitation - the process of restoring skills and normal functions to a person who has had an illness or injury, helping them to become self-sufficient

Rural Hospitals - Acute care hospitals located in a rural area that have more than 25 beds

Single Photon Emission Computerized Tomography (SPECT) - an imaging technique measuring blood flow within the brain

Skilled Nursing Facility (SNF) - a long-term care service providing continuous skilled nursing care for patients who have deteriorating condition requiring skilled care or who show potential for improvement to a stabilized condition

Sleep Studies - study done overnight monitoring sleep activities used for diagnosing and determining the type and severity of sleep disorders

Smoking cessation - to quit smoking

Special care beds - beds used for intensive care units, coronary care units, etc.

Speech Therapy - therapy to correct speech disorders

Surgical Intensive Care Unit (SICU) - a section of a hospital in which patients need surgery because of sudden life threatening medical problem and are placed under continuous monitoring with detailed care

Swing Beds - refers to a hospital's ability to use its beds to provide either acute (regular hospital care) or skilled nursing level care

Thrombolytic Medication - medication used during a heart attack to dissolve clots that may block blood flow in the coronary arteries

Ultrasound - a method of obtaining images from inside the human body through the use of high-frequency sound waves

Vascular Surgery - surgery or procedures related to the blood vessels of the body

Vascular Intervention - nonsurgical procedures used to treat arteries and veins outside the coronary vascular system

Wound Care - care for an acute or chronic wound